The effects of the Islamic ruling ‘Fatwa’ on business relationships in Jordan: the case of ‘Wasta’
School of Marketing and International Business, Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand
Islam is the main source of the Jordanian culture and it is one of the main determinants of the behaviours of Muslim individuals who comprise 98% of the Jordanian population. Wasta is deeply rooted and obvious in Jordanian society. However, there are many factors that affect the prevalence of this phenomenon. This research examines the factors which drive people to practice Wasta, even though Wasta is illegal in Jordanian civil law, and not Islamically accepted. The findings of this research show that the lack of social justice is one of the main factors. The prevalent belief that nothing can be done without Wasta is also a main determinant that directs people towards this behaviour. Finally, the weak legislative power of Islamic “Sharia” law on Jordanian laws and regulations weakens the role of Islamic Law on the prevalence of this phenomenon.
Keywords: Jordan, Wasta, Fatwa, Islamic ruling