DOI 10.14707/ajbr.220120

Psychological Distress Model towards Human Resource Performance in Islamic Spiritual Intelligence Context

Mohammad Ziad Anwar1; Muafi1*; Widodo2 and John Suprihanto3
1 Department of Management, Universitas Islam Indonesia, Indonesia
2 Department of Management, Universitas Islam Sultan Agung, Indonesia
3 Department of Management, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
*Corresponding author:


This study aims to empirically examine and analyze the role of Islamic spiritual intelligence in managing psychological distress and employee performance in the context of Baitul Mal al-Tamwil (BMT) in Yogyakarta Special Region (DIY), Indonesia. This study involves the managers and employees of BMT in DIY as the research subject. From the survey carried out, there are 194 data that can be processed for further analysis. This study uses SEM technique as the analytical tool with AMOS 21 to examine the data. This study has confirmed several findings, namely: (1) formal justice and psychological distress has a significant effect on employee performance; (2)formal justice and social justice has a significant effect on psychological distress;(3)psychological distress mediates the effect of social justice on employeeperformance; and (4) Islamic spiritual intelligence moderates the effect ofpsychological distress on employee performance. This study is expected to be able tobe a reference for practitioners, especially in the field of human resource managementin minimizing psychological distress and improving employee performance.Furthermore, the concept of Islamic spiritual intelligence can be used to increaseresponsibility in an exchange relationship in order to achieve the aspects of justice,both formally and socially.

Keywords: Social exchange theory, Employee performance, Formal justice, Social justice, Psychological distress, Islamic spiritual intelligence.

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