DOI 10.14707/ajbr.200086

Purchasing Decision Making of Cosmetics: A Comparative Study between Swiss and Chinese Consumers

DOI 10.14707/ajbr.200086

Joana Sofia Neves Gomes
University of Applied Sciences & Arts Northwestern, Switzerland
Swiss SME Research Center, China

Michael Jeive
University of Applied Sciences & Arts Northwestern, Switzerland
Swiss SME Research Center, China

Lynn L. K. Lim
School of Business, University of Applied Sciences & Arts Northwestern, Switzerland

Abstract

Despite the rapid growth of the Chinese market since the initial opening up in 1978, a significant number of international consumer goods companies have struggled to find a firm and consistently profitable foothold in the market. This is often attributed to national cultural differences. Using projective technique for data collection, the research analysed female cosmetic consumers in China and in Switzerland, a market that Western manufacturers are familiar with. Due to significant regional differences within both countries, the study analysed consumers from Shanghai and Harbin, and the French and German-speaking areas of Switzerland. The study found out that there are large differences between the behaviour of consumers in Switzerland and China, but also within each country, particularly China. However, there are some similarities between the behaviour of consumers from Switzerland and Harbin. The findings provide a good insight for marketers wanting to enter or change their strategy in China or Switzerland, but particularly for Western manufacturers who are already present and familiar with the Swiss market and want to succeed in the Chinese market.

Keywords: Consumer Behaviour, Purchasing Decision, Cosmetics, China, Switzerland

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